International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
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Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Australia
Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Australia
Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Australia
State  
Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Australia
 #SpeciesCommon NameState NameFirst YearSite of Action

State: New South Wales

  1 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 19851 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
4
  2 Avena sterilisSterile OatAustraliaNew South Wales 19891 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5029
  3 Avena fatuaWild OatAustraliaNew South Wales 19911 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5
  4 Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella SedgeAustraliaNew South Wales 19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
6
  5 Sagittaria montevidensisCalifornia ArrowheadAustraliaNew South Wales 19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7
  6 Damasonium minusStarfruitAustraliaNew South Wales 19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
8
  7 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaNew South Wales 19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5035
  8 Sinapis arvensisWild MustardAustraliaNew South Wales 19961 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
1139
  9 Phalaris paradoxaHood CanarygrassAustraliaNew South Wales 19971 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
1137
  10 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 19971 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5094
  11 Fumaria densifloraDense-flowered FumitoryAustraliaNew South Wales 19991 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
1178
  12 Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinumHare BarleyAustraliaNew South Wales 20011 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5098
  13 Avena sterilis ssp. ludovicianaSterile oatAustraliaNew South Wales 20021 Antimicrotubule mitotic disrupter (Z/25)
5198
  14 Echinochloa colonaJunglericeAustraliaNew South Wales 20041 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
5336
  15 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaNew South Wales 20041 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5338
  16 Sporobolus fertilisGiant Parramatta grassAustraliaNew South Wales 20041 Lipid Inhibitors (N/26)
10965
  17 Avena fatuaWild OatAustraliaNew South Wales 20061 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Antimicrotubule mitotic disrupter (Z/25)
10966
  18 Echinochloa colonaJunglericeAustraliaNew South Wales 20071 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5297
  19 Urochloa panicoidesLiverseedgrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20081 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5362
  20 Chloris truncataWindmill GrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20101 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5509
  21 Conyza bonariensisHairy FleabaneAustraliaNew South Wales 20101 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5512
  22 Phalaris paradoxaHood CanarygrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20121 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7840
  23 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaNew South Wales 20131 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
7839
  24 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaNew South Wales 20141 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
7892
  25 Chloris virgataFeather FingergrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11026
  26 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20151 Lipid Inhibitors (N/8)
11031
  27 Conyza bonariensisHairy FleabaneAustraliaNew South Wales 20161 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
13045
  28 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
16093
  29 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
16094
  30 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
16095
  31 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 Unknown (Z/27)
16096
  32 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
16097
  33 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 Multiple Resistance: 5 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
Unknown (Z/27)
16098
  34 Avena sterilis ssp. ludovicianaSterile oatAustraliaNew South Wales 20181 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
18186

State: Queensland

  35 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaQueensland19901 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
23
  36 Polygonum convolvulus (=Fallopia convolvulus)Wild BuckwheatAustraliaQueensland19931 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
9
  37 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaQueensland19931 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
11
  38 Rapistrum rugosumTurnipweedAustraliaQueensland19961 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
528
  39 Sisymbrium thellungiiAfrican TurnipweedAustraliaQueensland19961 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
529
  40 Urochloa panicoidesLiverseedgrassAustraliaQueensland19961 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
530
  41 Avena sterilis ssp. ludovicianaSterile oatAustraliaQueensland20061 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
10967
  42 Mitracarpus hirtus Tropical GirdlepodAustraliaQueensland20071 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
5349
  43 Echinochloa colonaJunglericeAustraliaQueensland20091 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5514
  44 Conyza bonariensisHairy FleabaneAustraliaQueensland20111 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5604
  45 Brachiaria eruciformisSweet Summer GrassAustraliaQueensland20141 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
8921
  46 Eleusine indicaGoosegrassAustraliaQueensland20151 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
11024
  47 Solanum nigrumBlack NightshadeAustraliaQueensland20151 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
11025
  48 Chloris virgataFeather FingergrassAustraliaQueensland20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11027
  49 Gamochaeta pensylvanicaPennsylvania EverlastingAustraliaQueensland20151 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
11029
  50 Conyza sumatrensisSumatran FleabaneAustraliaQueensland20181 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
17148
  51 Conyza sumatrensisSumatran FleabaneAustraliaQueensland20181 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
18161
  52 Avena sterilis ssp. ludovicianaSterile oatAustraliaQueensland20181 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
18187

State: South Australia

  53 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia19821 Multiple Resistance: 7 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
DOXP inhibitors (F4/13)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
Mitosis inhibitors (K2/23)
Long chain fatty acid inhibitors (K3/15)
Lipid Inhibitors (N/8)
389
  54 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia19841 Long chain fatty acid inhibitors (K3/15)
398
  55 Avena fatuaWild OatAustraliaSouth Australia19881 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
20
  56 Avena sterilisSterile OatAustraliaSouth Australia19891 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
21
  57 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaSouth Australia19901 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
24
  58 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia19901 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
5031
  59 Digitaria sanguinalisLarge CrabgrassAustraliaSouth Australia19931 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
16
  60 Lactuca serriolaPrickly LettuceAustraliaSouth Australia19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
26
  61 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia19941 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
5226
  62 Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinumHare BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia19961 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
1143
  63 Brassica tournefortiiAfrican MustardAustraliaSouth Australia19961 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5202
  64 Echium plantagineumPatersons CurseAustraliaSouth Australia19971 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
1136
  65 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaSouth Australia19981 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5034
  66 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia19991 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5188
  67 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia20001 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5095
  68 Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinumHare BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia20011 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
5203
  69 Diplotaxis tenuifoliaPerennial WallrocketAustraliaSouth Australia20041 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5219
  70 Pentzia suffruticosaCalomba daisyAustraliaSouth Australia20041 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5241
  71 Avena sterilis ssp. ludovicianaSterile oatAustraliaSouth Australia20051 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5252
  72 Mesembryanthemum crystallinumCrystalline IceplantAustraliaSouth Australia20051 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5255
  73 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaSouth Australia20051 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
5270
  74 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaSouth Australia20061 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors (F1/12)
Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
5364
  75 Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (=B. rigidus)Rigid BromeAustraliaSouth Australia20071 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5298
  76 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20081 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Carotenoid biosynthesis (unknown target) (F3/11)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5515
  77 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20101 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
5489
  78 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20101 Multiple Resistance: 5 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5510
  79 Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (=B. rigidus)Rigid BromeAustraliaSouth Australia20111 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5579
  80 Bromus diandrusRipgut BromeAustraliaSouth Australia20111 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5580
  81 Bromus diandrusRipgut BromeAustraliaSouth Australia20111 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5597
  82 Conyza bonariensisHairy FleabaneAustraliaSouth Australia20111 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5605
  83 Galium tricornutumThreehorn BedstrawAustraliaSouth Australia20121 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7837
  84 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaSouth Australia20151 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
10988
  85 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaSouth Australia20151 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
10989
  86 Chloris virgataFeather FingergrassAustraliaSouth Australia20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11028
  87 Arctotheca calendulaCapeweedAustraliaSouth Australia20151 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
15055
  88 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia20161 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
17118
  89 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
16084
  90 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
16085
  91 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 Unknown (Z/27)
16086
  92 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
16087
  93 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
16088

State: Victoria

  94 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaVictoria19841 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
19
  95 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaVictoria19841 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
5042
  96 Arctotheca calendulaCapeweedAustraliaVictoria19861 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
22
  97 Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinumHare BarleyAustraliaVictoria19881 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
18
  98 Vulpia bromoidesSquirreltail FescueAustraliaVictoria19901 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
17
  99 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaVictoria19961 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
380
  100 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaVictoria19991 Multiple Resistance: 4 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
5363
  101 Bromus diandrusRipgut BromeAustraliaVictoria19991 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5467
  102 Nassella trichotomaSerrated TussockAustraliaVictoria20021 Lipid Inhibitors (N/26)
5189
  103 Urtica urensBurning NettleAustraliaVictoria20021 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
5190
  104 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20091 Unknown (Z/27)
5513
  105 Lactuca serriolaPrickly LettuceAustraliaVictoria20091 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5516
  106 Vulpia bromoidesSquirreltail FescueAustraliaVictoria20091 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
7841
  107 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaVictoria20091 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
7845
  108 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaVictoria20101 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7842
  109 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaVictoria20101 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7844
  110 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaVictoria20111 Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors (F1/12)
5603
  111 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaVictoria20111 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
5712
  112 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaVictoria20111 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
7846
  113 Phalaris minorLittle seed Canary grassAustraliaVictoria20121 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
7838
  114 Chloris truncataWindmill GrassAustraliaVictoria20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11021
  115 Lactuca serriolaPrickly LettuceAustraliaVictoria20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11022
  116 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaVictoria20151 Lipid Inhibitors (N/8)
11023
  117 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaVictoria20151 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
15056
  118 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20171 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
16089
  119 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20171 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
16090
  120 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20171 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
16091
  121 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20171 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
16092

State: Western Australia

  122 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19821 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
15
  123 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19841 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
324
  124 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19841 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
330
  125 Avena fatuaWild OatAustraliaWestern Australia19851 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
14
  126 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19881 Carotenoid biosynthesis (unknown target) (F3/11)
316
  127 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19881 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
480
  128 Brassica tournefortiiAfrican MustardAustraliaWestern Australia19921 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
12
  129 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaWestern Australia19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
3
  130 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia19971 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
522
  131 Echium plantagineumPatersons CurseAustraliaWestern Australia19971 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5030
  132 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia19981 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors (F1/12)
5033
  133 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia19991 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
1135
  134 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia19991 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
5358
  135 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia20031 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5325
  136 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaWestern Australia20051 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5251
  137 Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (=B. rigidus)Rigid BromeAustraliaWestern Australia20051 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5253
  138 Echinochloa colonaJunglericeAustraliaWestern Australia20101 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5581
  139 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia20101 Multiple Resistance: 4 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors (F1/12)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
7888
  140 Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (=B. rigidus)Rigid BromeAustraliaWestern Australia20111 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5578
  141 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia20131 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
6754
  142 Ehrharta longifloraLongflowered veldtgrass AustraliaWestern Australia20141 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
8899
  143 Bromus rubensRed BromeAustraliaWestern Australia20141 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
10964
  144 Vulpia bromoidesSquirreltail FescueAustraliaWestern Australia20141 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
11030
  145 Tridax procumbensCoat ButtonsAustraliaWestern Australia20161 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
14052
  146 Lactuca salignaWillow-leaved lettuceAustraliaWestern Australia20171 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
17111
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Cite this site as: Heap, I.  The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds.  Online.  Internet.  Saturday, December 14, 2019 .  Available  www.weedscience.org
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