International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
GROUP B/2 RESISTANT COMMON WATERPLANTAIN
(Alisma plantago-aquatica)


ALS inhibitors (B/2)

Portugal
INTRODUCTION COMMON WATERPLANTAIN
Common Waterplantain (Alisma plantago-aquatica) is a monocot weed in the Alismataceae family.  In Portugal this weed first evolved resistance to Group B/2 herbicides in 1995 and infests Rice.   Group B/2 herbicides are known as ALS inhibitors (Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)).  Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to bensulfuron-methyl and they may be cross-resistant to other Group B/2 herbicides.

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Sep 15, 2000 )

Common NameCommon Waterplantain
SpeciesAlisma plantago-aquatica
GroupALS inhibitors (B/2)
Herbicidesbensulfuron-methyl
LocationPortugal
Year1995
Situation(s)Rice
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Isabel Calha 
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NOTES ABOUT THIS BIOTYPE

AREAS FOUND

Isabel Calha
Coruche (Vale Do Sorraia) ; Alcacer Sal (Vale Do Sado).

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GENERAL

Isabel Calha
Cross-resistance to other sulfonylureas, such as cinosulfuron. Resistant survived 1000 g ai/ha bensulfuron-methyl, susceptible was killed at 64 g ai/ha.

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GENERAL

Isabel Calha
A notice was published in the EWRS newsletter no. 65.

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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Greenhouse trials comparing a known susceptible Common Waterplantain biotype with this Common Waterplantain biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on Group B/2 resistant Common Waterplantain have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of Group B/2 resistant Common Waterplantain from Portugal please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

ISABEL CALHA
Instituto Nacional De Recursos Biológicos, Ip (inrb I.p. )
Laboratório Nacional De Investigação Agrária (linia)
Unidade De Investigação De Protecção De Plantas (uipp)
Dept of Agronomy& Plant Genetics
411 Borlaug Hall, 1991 Upper Buford Circle
Oeiras, 2784-505
Portugal
Email Isabel Calha

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in Portugal have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Isabel Calha for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Common Waterplantain Globally
(Alisma plantago-aquatica)
Herbicide Resistant Common Waterplantain Globally
(Alisma plantago-aquatica)
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Common Waterplantain Globally
(Alisma plantago-aquatica)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 ChileChile 2005 Rice bensulfuron-methyl 8 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
4Alisma plantago-aquaticaCommon Waterplantain5267
2 ItalyItaly 1994 Rice bensulfuron-methyl, and cinosulfuron 24 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
4Alisma plantago-aquaticaCommon Waterplantain1130
3 PortugalPortugal 1995 Rice bensulfuron-methyl 34 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
4Alisma plantago-aquaticaCommon Waterplantain169
4 SpainSpain 2000 Rice bensulfuron-methyl 38 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
4Alisma plantago-aquaticaCommon Waterplantain5138
5 TurkeyTurkey 2009 Rice azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, and penoxsulam 71 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
4Alisma plantago-aquaticaCommon Waterplantain5529
Literature about Similar Cases

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Cite this site as: Heap, I.  The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds.  Online.  Internet.  Saturday, December 14, 2019 .  Available  www.weedscience.org
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