International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
GROUP B/2 RESISTANT COMMON WATERPLANTAIN
(Alisma plantago-aquatica)


ALS inhibitors (B/2)

Turkey, Black Sea Trache
INTRODUCTION COMMON WATERPLANTAIN
Common Waterplantain (Alisma plantago-aquatica) is a monocot weed in the Alismataceae family.  In Turkey this weed first evolved resistance to Group B/2 herbicides in 2009 and infests Rice.   Group B/2 herbicides are known as ALS inhibitors (Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)).  Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, and penoxsulam and they may be cross-resistant to other Group B/2 herbicides.

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Jan 29, 2015 )

Common NameCommon Waterplantain
SpeciesAlisma plantago-aquatica
GroupALS inhibitors (B/2)
Herbicidesazimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, and penoxsulam
LocationTurkey, Black Sea Trache
Year2009
Situation(s)Rice
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Emine Kaya Altop, and Hüsrev Mennan 
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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Field, Greenhouse, and Laboratory trials comparing a known susceptible Common Waterplantain biotype with this Common Waterplantain biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on Group B/2 resistant Common Waterplantain indicate that the inheritance is determined by a dominant, nuclear trait.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of Group B/2 resistant Common Waterplantain from Turkey please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

EMINE KAYA ALTOP
Weed Scientist
Ondokuz Mayis University
Department Of Plant Protection
Faculty of Agriculture
Samsun, 55139, Kurupelit/Samsun
Turkey
Email Emine Kaya Altop
HÜSREV MENNAN
Prof. Dr.
University Of Ondokuzmayýs
Department Of Plant Protection
Atakum
Samsun, 55319, Kurupelit/Samsun
Turkey
Email Hüsrev Mennan

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in Turkey have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Emine Kaya Altop, and Hüsrev Mennan for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Common Waterplantain Globally
(Alisma plantago-aquatica)
Herbicide Resistant Common Waterplantain Globally
(Alisma plantago-aquatica)
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Common Waterplantain Globally
(Alisma plantago-aquatica)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 ChileChile 2005 Rice bensulfuron-methyl 8 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
4Alisma plantago-aquaticaCommon Waterplantain5267
2 ItalyItaly 1994 Rice bensulfuron-methyl, and cinosulfuron 24 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
4Alisma plantago-aquaticaCommon Waterplantain1130
3 PortugalPortugal 1995 Rice bensulfuron-methyl 34 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
4Alisma plantago-aquaticaCommon Waterplantain169
4 SpainSpain 2000 Rice bensulfuron-methyl 38 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
4Alisma plantago-aquaticaCommon Waterplantain5138
5 TurkeyTurkey 2009 Rice azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, and penoxsulam 71 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
4Alisma plantago-aquaticaCommon Waterplantain5529
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