International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
GROUP B/2 RESISTANT CORN GROMWELL
(Buglossoides arvensis (=Lithospermum arvense))


ALS inhibitors (B/2)

China, Shandong
INTRODUCTION CORN GROMWELL
Corn Gromwell (Buglossoides arvensis (=Lithospermum arvense)) is a dicot weed in the Boraginaceae family.  In China this weed first evolved resistance to Group B/2 herbicides in 2009 and infests Winter wheat.   Group B/2 herbicides are known as ALS inhibitors (Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)).  Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to tribenuron-methyl and they may be cross-resistant to other Group B/2 herbicides.

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Apr 08, 2012 )

Common NameCorn Gromwell
SpeciesBuglossoides arvensis (=Lithospermum arvense)
GroupALS inhibitors (B/2)
Herbicidestribenuron-methyl
LocationChina, Shandong
Year2009
Situation(s)Winter wheat
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Jinxin Wang 
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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

trials comparing a known susceptible Corn Gromwell biotype with this Corn Gromwell biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on Group B/2 resistant Corn Gromwell have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of Group B/2 resistant Corn Gromwell from China please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

JINXIN WANG
Professor
Shandong Agricultural University
College Of Plant Protection
Daizong Road 61#
Tai'an, 271018, Shandong
China
Email Jinxin Wang

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in China have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Jinxin Wang for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Corn Gromwell Globally
(Buglossoides arvensis (=Lithospermum arvense))
Herbicide Resistant Corn Gromwell Globally
(Buglossoides arvensis (=Lithospermum arvense))
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Corn Gromwell Globally
(Buglossoides arvensis (=Lithospermum arvense))
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 ChinaChina 2009 Winter wheat tribenuron-methyl 9 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
274Buglossoides arvensis (=Lithospermum arvense)Corn Gromwell5612
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Cite this site as: Heap, I.  The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds.  Online.  Internet.  Monday, September 16, 2019 .  Available  www.weedscience.org
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