International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
GROUP B/2 RESISTANT SMALLFLOWER UMBRELLA SEDGE
(Cyperus difformis)


ALS inhibitors (B/2)

Turkey, Black Sea Trache
INTRODUCTION SMALLFLOWER UMBRELLA SEDGE
Smallflower Umbrella Sedge (Cyperus difformis) is a monocot weed in the Cyperaceae family.  In Turkey this weed first evolved resistance to Group B/2 herbicides in 2010 and infests Rice.   Group B/2 herbicides are known as ALS inhibitors (Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)).  Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, bispyribac-sodium, and penoxsulam and they may be cross-resistant to other Group B/2 herbicides.

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Jan 29, 2015 )

Common NameSmallflower Umbrella Sedge
SpeciesCyperus difformis
GroupALS inhibitors (B/2)
Herbicidesazimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, bispyribac-sodium, and penoxsulam
LocationTurkey, Black Sea Trache
Year2010
Situation(s)Rice
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Emine Kaya Altop, and Hüsrev Mennan 
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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Field, Greenhouse, and Laboratory trials comparing a known susceptible Smallflower Umbrella Sedge biotype with this Smallflower Umbrella Sedge biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on Group B/2 resistant Smallflower Umbrella Sedge indicate that the inheritance is determined by a dominant, nuclear trait.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of Group B/2 resistant Smallflower Umbrella Sedge from Turkey please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

EMINE KAYA ALTOP
Weed Scientist
Ondokuz Mayis University
Department Of Plant Protection
Faculty of Agriculture
Samsun, 55139, Kurupelit/Samsun
Turkey
Email Emine Kaya Altop
HÜSREV MENNAN
Prof. Dr.
University Of Ondokuzmayýs
Department Of Plant Protection
Atakum
Samsun, 55319, Kurupelit/Samsun
Turkey
Email Hüsrev Mennan

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in Turkey have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Emine Kaya Altop, and Hüsrev Mennan for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Smallflower Umbrella Sedge Globally
(Cyperus difformis)
Herbicide Resistant Smallflower Umbrella Sedge Globally
(Cyperus difformis)
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Smallflower Umbrella Sedge Globally
(Cyperus difformis)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 Australia (New South Wales ) AustraliaNew South Wales 1994 Rice bensulfuron-methyl 1 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge6
2 BrazilBrazil 2000 Rice cyclosulfamuron, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl 5 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge5118
3 GreeceGreece 2009 Rice azimsulfuron, and halosulfuron-methyl 19 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge13051
4 ItalyItaly 1999 Rice azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, and cinosulfuron 24 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge5155
5 South KoreaSouth Korea 2002 Rice azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, cinosulfuron, cyclosulfamuron, ethoxysulfuron, halosulfuron-methyl, imazosulfuron, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl 27 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge152
6 SpainSpain 2000 Rice bensulfuron-methyl, and penoxsulam 38 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge5140
7 TurkeyTurkey 2010 Rice azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, bispyribac-sodium, and penoxsulam 71 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge5532
8 United States (California) United StatesCalifornia1993 Rice bensulfuron-methyl 45 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge391
9 United States (Arkansas) United StatesArkansas2010 Rice halosulfuron-methyl 45 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge5562
10 United States (California) United StatesCalifornia2013 Rice propanil 45 PSII inhibitor (Ureas and amides) (C2/7)
71Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella Sedge6739
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Cite this site as: Heap, I.  The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds.  Online.  Internet.  Friday, September 20, 2019 .  Available  www.weedscience.org
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