International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
MULTIPLE RESISTANT HAIRY FLEABANE
(Conyza bonariensis)


Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)

Uruguay, Riachuelo, Colonia
INTRODUCTION HAIRY FLEABANE
Hairy Fleabane (Conyza bonariensis) is a dicot weed in the Asteraceae family.  In Uruguay this weed first evolved multiple resistance (to 2 herbicide sites of action) in 2022 and infests Corn (maize), and Soybean.  Multiple resistance has evolved to herbicides in the Groups 2 (Legacy B), and Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G).  These particular biotypes are known to have resistance to chlorimuron-ethyl, diclosulam, and glyphosate and they may be cross-resistant to other herbicides in the Groups 2 (Legacy B), and Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G).

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Jun 08, 2024 )

Common NameHairy Fleabane
SpeciesConyza bonariensis
GroupInhibition of Acetolactate Synthase HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)

Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
Herbicideschlorimuron-ethyl, diclosulam, and glyphosate
LocationUruguay, Riachuelo, Colonia
Year2022
Situation(s)Corn (maize), and Soybean
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Mauricio Cabrera, M. Alejandro Garcia, Tiago Edu Kaspary, Sofia Marques Hill, and Mauricio Waller 
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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Greenhouse trials comparing a known susceptible Hairy Fleabane biotype with this Hairy Fleabane biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on HRAC Group 2, 9 resistant Hairy Fleabane have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of multiple resistant Hairy Fleabane from Uruguay please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

MAURICIO CABRERA
Tecnico Agropecuario
Instituto Nacional de INvestigación Agropecuaria del Uruguay - INIA La Estanzuela
Proteccion Vegetal
Calle Alberto Boerger 14860
Semillero, 70006, Colonia
Uruguay
Email Mauricio Cabrera
Web   : Web Site Link
M. ALEJANDRO GARCIA
Researcher
National Institute of Ag research (INIA - Uruguay)
Weed Science
INIA La Estanzuela
Ruta 50, Km. 11
Colonia, 15005, Colonia
Uruguay
Email M. Alejandro Garcia
Web   : Web Site Link
TIAGO EDU KASPARY
Research
Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria del Uruguay - INIA
Plant protection/Weeds
Ruto 50, KM 11
La Estanzuela
Colonia del Sacramento, 70000, Colonia
Uruguay
Email Tiago Edu Kaspary
Web   : Web Site Link
SOFIA MARQUES HILL
Graduate Research assistant
Colorado State University
Agricultural Biology
300 w Pitkin st
Fort Collins, 80523, Colorado
United States
Email Sofia Marques Hill
Web   : Web Site Link
MAURICIO WALLER
Master student
University of the Republic, Uruguay
Colonia
Route 1 km 132.5
Rosario, 70200, Colonia
Uruguay
Email Mauricio Waller
Web   : Web Site Link

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in Uruguay have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Mauricio Cabrera, M. Alejandro Garcia, Tiago Edu Kaspary, Sofia Marques Hill, and Mauricio Waller for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Hairy Fleabane Globally
(Conyza bonariensis)
Herbicide Resistant Hairy Fleabane Globally
(Conyza bonariensis)
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Hairy Fleabane Globally
(Conyza bonariensis)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 ArgentinaArgentina 2012 Soybean glyphosate 48 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane17100
2 Australia (New South Wales ) AustraliaNew South Wales 2010 Industrial sites, and Roadsides glyphosate 1 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane5512
3 Australia (Queensland) AustraliaQueensland2011 Roadsides glyphosate 1 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane5604
4 Australia (South Australia) AustraliaSouth Australia2011 Roadsides glyphosate 1 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane5605
5 Australia (New South Wales ) AustraliaNew South Wales 2016 Grapes paraquat 1 PS I Electron Diversion ( HRAC Group 22 (Legacy D)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane13045
6 BrazilBrazil 2005 Corn (maize), Fruit, Soybean, and Wheat glyphosate 5 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane5264
7 ColombiaColombia 2006 Coffee glyphosate 10 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane5295
8 EgyptEgypt 1989 Unspecified paraquat 15 PS I Electron Diversion ( HRAC Group 22 (Legacy D)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane383
9 GreeceGreece 2010 Grapes, Olive, and Orchards glyphosate 19 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane5590
10 IsraelIsrael 1993 Forests, and Industrial sites atrazine, and simazine 23 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders ( HRAC Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane102
11 IsraelIsrael 1993 Forests, and Industrial sites chlorsulfuron 23 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane103
12 IsraelIsrael 2005 Roadsides glyphosate 23 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane5464
13 JapanJapan 1989 Roadsides diquat, and paraquat 25 PS I Electron Diversion ( HRAC Group 22 (Legacy D)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane128
14 JordanJordan 2022 Palm oil oxadiazon, oxyfluorfen, and paraquat 55 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
PS I Electron Diversion ( HRAC Group 22 (Legacy D)
Inhibition of Protoporphyrinogen Oxidase ( HRAC Group 14 (Legacy E)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane27269
15 PortugalPortugal 2010 Orchards glyphosate 34 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane5539
16 South AfricaSouth Africa 2003 Grapes, and Orchards paraquat 37 PS I Electron Diversion ( HRAC Group 22 (Legacy D)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane5191
17 South AfricaSouth Africa 2003 Grapes, and Orchards glyphosate 37 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane5192
18 SpainSpain 1987 Orchards simazine 38 PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders ( HRAC Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane181
19 SpainSpain 2004 Orchards glyphosate 38 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane5223
20 SwitzerlandSwitzerland 2020 Grapes glyphosate 41 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane24247
21 United States (California) United StatesCalifornia2007 Roadsides glyphosate 45 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane5310
22 United States (California) United StatesCalifornia2009 Corn (maize), Grapes, Orchards, and Roadsides glyphosate, and paraquat 45 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
PS I Electron Diversion ( HRAC Group 22 (Legacy D)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane5390
23 United States (Oregon) United StatesOregon2023 Fallow, and Wheat glyphosate 45 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane27285
24 UruguayUruguay 2022 Corn (maize), and Soybean chlorimuron-ethyl, diclosulam, and glyphosate 73 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
60Conyza bonariensisHairy Fleabane27291
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Cite this site as: Heap, I.  The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds.  Online.  Internet.  Tuesday, July 23, 2024 .  Available  www.weedscience.org
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