INTERNATIONAL HERBICIDE-RESISTANT WEED DATABASE

MULTIPLE RESISTANT GIANT RAGWEED
(Ambrosia trifida)


Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)

United States, Minnesota
INTRODUCTION BLACKGRASS
Blackgrass (Alopecurus myosuroides) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family.  In Belgium this weed first evolved multiple resistance (to 4 herbicide sites of action) in 1996 and infests Soybean.  Multiple resistance has evolved to herbicides in the Groups 1 (Legacy A), Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B), PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders HRAC Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2), and Inhibition of Microtubule Assembly 2 HRAC Group 3 (Legacy K1).  These particular biotypes are known to have resistance to cloransulam-methyl, and glyphosate and they may be cross-resistant to other herbicides in the Groups 1 (Legacy A), Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B), PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders HRAC Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2), and Inhibition of Microtubule Assembly 2 HRAC Group 3 (Legacy K1).

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

If we do not have a picture for this weed, or you can provide a better picture (scan, digital camera etc) please please e-mail it to us.

QUIK STATS (last updated Nov 21, 2000 )

Common NameBlackgrass
SpeciesAlopecurus myosuroides
GroupInhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase HRAC Group 1 (Legacy A)

Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)

PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders HRAC Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2)

Inhibition of Microtubule Assembly 2 HRAC Group 3 (Legacy K1)
Herbicidescloransulam-methyl, and glyphosate
LocationBelgium
Year1996
Situation(s)Soybean
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Jeffrey Gunsolus, and Jeff Stachler 
Edit this Case  |  Add New Case of Resistance  |  Add Note

ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Field, and Greenhouse trials comparing a known susceptible Blackgrass biotype with this Blackgrass biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on HRAC Group 1, 2, 5, 3 resistant Blackgrass have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of multiple resistant Blackgrass from Belgium please update the database.
 
Edit Case  |  Add Note  |  Add Article  |  Add New Case  |  

CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

JEFFREY GUNSOLUS
Professor and Extension Weed Scientist
University Of Minnesota
Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics
411 Borlaug Hall
1991 Upper Buford Circle
St. Paul, 55108, Minnesota
United States
Email Jeffrey Gunsolus
Web   : Web Site Link
JEFF STACHLER
Extension Agronomist - Sugarbeet/weed Science
North Dakota State University, University of Minnesota
Plant Sciences
Loftsgard Hall 474E NDSU Dept #7670
PO Box 6050
Fargo, 58108-6050, North Dakota
United States
Email Jeff Stachler
Web   : Web Site Link

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in Belgium have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Jeffrey Gunsolus, and Jeff Stachler for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Giant Ragweed Globally
(Ambrosia trifida)
Herbicide Resistant Giant Ragweed Globally
(Ambrosia trifida)
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Giant Ragweed Globally
(Ambrosia trifida)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 Canada (Ontario) CanadaOntario2008 Soybean glyphosate 7 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5483
2 Canada (Ontario) CanadaOntario2011 Soybean cloransulam-methyl, and glyphosate 7 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed7833
3 United States (Indiana) United StatesIndiana1998 Soybean cloransulam-methyl, and imazethapyr 45 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed1123
4 United States (Illinois) United StatesIllinois1998 Soybean cloransulam-methyl, and imazethapyr 45 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed1124
5 United States (Ohio) United StatesOhio1998 Soybean chlorimuron-ethyl, cloransulam-methyl, imazamox, imazaquin, primisulfuron-methyl, and prosulfuron 45 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed1164
6 United States (Iowa) United StatesIowa2000 Corn (maize), and Soybean cloransulam-methyl, primisulfuron-methyl, and prosulfuron 45 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5231
7 United States (Ohio) United StatesOhio2004 Soybean glyphosate 45 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5278
8 United States (Indiana) United StatesIndiana2005 Soybean glyphosate 45 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5279
9 United States (Arkansas) United StatesArkansas2005 Soybean glyphosate 45 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5345
10 United States (Kentucky) United StatesKentucky2005 Soybean glyphosate 45 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed7878
11 United States (Kansas) United StatesKansas2006 Soybean glyphosate 45 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5304
12 United States (Minnesota) United StatesMinnesota2006 Soybean glyphosate 45 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5333
13 United States (Ohio) United StatesOhio2006 Soybean chlorimuron-ethyl, cloransulam-methyl, and glyphosate 45 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5408
14 United States (Tennessee) United StatesTennessee2007 Cotton, and Soybean glyphosate 45 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5335
15 United States (Minnesota) United StatesMinnesota2008 Soybean cloransulam-methyl, and glyphosate 45 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5508
16 United States (Iowa) United StatesIowa2009 Corn (maize), and Soybean glyphosate 45 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5463
17 United States (Missouri) United StatesMissouri2009 Soybean glyphosate 45 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5466
18 United States (Mississippi) United StatesMississippi2010 Soybean glyphosate 45 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5504
19 United States (Nebraska) United StatesNebraska2010 Soybean glyphosate 45 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5573
20 United States (Wisconsin) United StatesWisconsin2011 Corn (maize), and Soybean glyphosate 45 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed5660
21 United States (Missouri) United StatesMissouri2011 Corn (maize) chlorimuron-ethyl, cloransulam-methyl, and glyphosate 45 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase ( HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed7808
22 United States (Wisconsin) United StatesWisconsin2013 Soybean cloransulam-methyl, and imazamox 45 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase ( HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)
184Ambrosia trifidaGiant Ragweed7822
Literature about Similar Cases

Page size:
select
Page: of 5
Items 1 to 5 of 24

Page size:
select
Page: of 5
Items 1 to 5 of 24

PERMISSION MUST BE OBTAINED FIRST if you intend to base a significant portion of a scientific paper on data derived from this site. Citation:
Heap, I.  The International Herbicide-Resistant Weed Database.  Online.  Sunday, June 13, 2021 .  Available  www.weedscience.org Copyright © 1993- 2021 WeedScience.org All rights reserved. Fair use of this material is encouraged. Proper citation is requested.